Ronda is one of the oldest cities of Spain
According to archaeological findings, Ronda belongs to the even earlier to the Neolithic era. Proof of this are the paintings found in the Cueva de la Pileta, one of the best paintings of the Paleolithic era in all Andalusia.
During the recent prehistory have been found a lot of human settlement, whose remains can still be admired today in the megalithic necropolis: Dolmen de El Chopo y Encinas Borrachas among others.
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It was also at that time when the most important human settlements in the region were defined: Acinipo whose important moment was at the Roman Empire, and Ronda, which was important in the Middle Ages.
Once Acinipo dissapeared after the Fall of the Roman Empire, Ronda began to gain importance. Despite of being a small settlement even during the early period of the Middle Ages, Ronda became the main place where important historic events occurred
However, the Arab Age has to be considered as the most important period, because of its cultural legacy which is still alive now in gastronomy, traditions, urban development, farming systems and of course education and art.
The reason for Ronda being so well known started with the Nazari Kingdom of Granada. These territories were conquered by the Catholics coming from Castilla. That leads the city of Ronda, as well to its region, to become a very important border zone.
After the conquest of the city by the Catholic Monarchs in 1485, deep economic and cultural changes happened, which can be still seen at the structure of the city: streets were made broader for example
The 18th century, and the arrival of the Modern Age is the time when most relevant monuments of Ronda where built: The New Bridge and the Bullring.
Since that time and during the 19th century, the romantic image of the city grows as well as the legend of the bandits in the Serranía mountains and the "art" of bullfighting.
Both aspects have been converted since then into symbols of our culture and tradition. Despite of this, the cultural and traditional richness of Ronda is much wider and diverse